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Journal > Anishinabek Nation Education Fiscal Transfer Agreement

Anishinabek Nation Education Fiscal Transfer Agreement

September 11th, 2021

The SOO is income generated by self-managed First Nations, for example through service fees or business revenues. Canada is reducing its governance transfer dollars based on a first nation portion of the SOR. For example, if a first nation earns 100$US, Canada can reduce its transfer of governance by 20 $US. The first recommendation of our 2011 report was that the Government of Canada develop First Nations education legislation, in consultation with First Nations and First Nations education authorities; That this Act explicitly recognize the authority of First Nations over basic and secondary education on reserve; Enable the establishment of second- and third-stage educational structures controlled by First Nations; and that the application of this Act to individual First Nations communities is optional and provides for the repeal of the educational sections of the Amerindian Act for First Nations who opt for the new Act. Colleagues, it is worth noting that the Anishinabek Nation Education Agreement clearly recognizes the jurisdiction of Anishinabek and the legislative powers and powers as well as the K to12 education authority on reserve for participating First Nations. The education system is designed by the Anishinabek First Nations to serve anishinabek students. The establishment of the Kinoomaadziwin Educational Institution will serve as a school unit and will also create the necessary education structures controlled by First Nations. This agreement also allows for the inclusion of other First Nations in the agreement, which will allow us to see that the remaining Other First Nations will be able to sign it in the future. The newly formed Anishinabek Nation Government is expected, over time, to assume more areas of jurisdiction than is currently the ANGA.

Beyond elections and citizenship, education (through the Anishinabek education system), child welfare and other areas of expertise could be provided by the Anishinabek Nation. The extension of these “sectoral” areas to ANGA will increase aid accordingly. The province`s role in funding areas of its constitutional jurisdiction, if any (such as the best interests of the child), is also unclear. However, there is a provision in the tax agreement that provides a financial incentive for ANGA municipalities to take over provincial programs and services. As previously noted, the Standing Senate Committee on Aboriginal Peoples released its report in 2011 entitled First Nations Education Reform: From Crisis to Hope. After a year and a half of studying the issue of K-12 First Nation`s education systems on reserve, the committee made four very strong recommendations. I would like to highlight two of them today and how they relate to the bill before us. Some of them were dealt with earlier by my colleague Senator Patterson. Q.

They insisted that fiscal policy be made available to Anishinabek countries to provide adequate fiscal resources, manage their governments, and improve socio-economic conditions in their First Nations Self-Government Agreements, which allow First Nations to exercise greater control over how their communities are governed and gradually exit certain parts of Indian law. . . .

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